Moringa Science

Moringa oleifera: Research and Scientific Publications
by A. Kweku Andoh, Ph. D.
The North Scale Institute

And he showed me a pure river of water of life...; in the midst of the street of it and on either side of the river, was there a Tree of Life which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month; & the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.
And there shall be no more curse.

Revelations 22:1...2..3....  

Moringa oleifera, the Miracle Tree of Hope,com-monly known as Nebedaye, is being used throughout Africa for HIV/AIDS Nutritional Therapy and for malnutrition in women and children.  It grows in all parts of the tropics from the rain forest to the desert.  All parts are edible and are used as medicine.


  Leaves can substitute for meat, soy or dairy products because:

¨       Nebedaye leaf is a complete protein containing all the essential amino acids

¨       Oz per oz leaves contain more Vitamin A than carrots

¨       More Calcium than milk

¨       More Iron than spinach

¨       Contains vitamins, A,B's, C, E and  minerals, including Selenium and Zinc

¨       Lowers blood sugar levels in Diabetes


¨       Lowers blood pressure in Hypertension



Seeds of Moringa oleifera purify water and was used by Moses during the Exodus.
Exodus 15:20-25



Scientific studies conducted in major universities throughout the world support the efficacy of the use of Moringa oleifera, Nebedaye, for treating  the following conditions and dysfunctions: {Numbered references follow}

Anti-diarrhea: 1, 11, 20, 23
Anti-inflammatory:  1, 7, 11, 20, 21
Anti-microbial: 1, 9, 21
Anti-spasmodic: 11, 14, 15, 16
Birth Control: 1,  2, 15, 21
Blindness: 23
Candidiasis:  (Thrush): 9, 23
Cancer: 1, 10, 21
Chronic Fatigue (Epstein-Barr virus): 1, 17
Diabetes: 12. 21, 23
Diuretic: 1, 11, 12, 20, 23
Epilepsy: 1, 23
Epstein-Barr virus: 1, 17
Gastrointestinal motility: 1, 15
Hepatitis: 4, 5
HIV-AIDS: 3, 6 — See also studies A—P
Hypertension: 1, 8, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 20, 21
Lupus: 7
Malnutrition: 18, 23 — See also studies A — P
Prostate Enlargement, Prostate Cancer: 24, See also studies M — P
Rheumatism 1, 7
Tumors: 1, 10, 21, 23
Ulcers (Gastric & Skin): 1, 23
Water Purification: 22, 23



References:

1.
Chemistry and Pharmacology of Moringa oleifera Lam and M. concanensis Nimo. Jadhav, S L et al, Indian Drugs 37(3) Mar 2000

2. Anti-fertility Profile of the Aqueous Extract of Moringa oleifera Roots. Journal of Ethno-pharmacology, 22 (1988) 51-62

3. A Prospective Study of  Dietary intake and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in HIV-Sero-positive Homosexual Men. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 1993 Aug 6(8): 949-58

4. Adsorption of the Cyanobacterial Hepatotoxin Microcystin-LR by a low Cost Activated Carbon from the Seed Husks of the Pan-tropical Tree, Moringa oleifera. Warhurst, A M et al; Science Total Environ 1997 Nov 27; 207(2-3): 207-211

5. Evaluation of Hematological and Hepatorenal Functions of Methanolic Extract of Moringa oleifera Lam. Root Treated Mice. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 1999 Jun; 37(6):612-614

6. HIV Infection and Severe Malnutrition: A Clinical Epidemiology Study in Burkina Faso. Prazuk, T et al.Groupe d’Etudes Epidemiologiques et Prophylactiques, Villeneuve St Georges, France

7. Oils of Moringa oleifera and Moringa drouhardii. Delaveau, P et al. Plant Medicine Phytother (1980) 14(10), 29-33

8. Isolation & Structure Elucidation of New Nitrile and Mustard Oil Glycosides from Moringa oleifera and their Effect on Blood Pressure. Faizi, S et al.  Journal of Natural Products (1994) 57(9) 1256-1261

9. Preliminary Studies of the Antifungal Activities of some Medical Plants Against Basidiobolus and some other Pathogenic Fungi.  Nwosu, MO et al. Mycoses 1995 May-June; 38 (5-6): 191-5

10. An Anti-tumor Promoter from Moringa oleifera. Guevara, AP et al. Mutation Research 1999 Apr 6; 440(2) 181-8

11. Measurement of  Sympatholytic Activity of Moringa oleifera. Hameed- Un-Nisa et al. New Trends in Natural Products Chemistry [ International Symposium on Natural Products Chemistry] 6th (1998) 269-77; Harwood Amsterdam

12. The Major Constituents of the Acetone Fraction of Ethiopian Moringa stenopetala Leaves.  Asres, Kaleab; Mansoura Journal of Pharmacological Science (1995), 11(1) 55-64

13. Novel Hypotensive Agents, Niazimin A, Niazimin B, Niazicin A and Niazicin B from Moringa oleifera: Isolation of First Naturally Occurring Carbamates. Shaheen Faizi et al. HEJ Research Institute, Pakistan.    Journal of Chemical Society of Perkin Trans. 1994 Pg 3035-3040

14. Pharmacological Studies of Moringa pterygosperma.  Siddiqi et al; Pakistan Journal of Science and Industrial Research (1968), 11(3), 268-72

15. Pharmacological Studies on Hypotensive and Spasmolytic Activities in Pure Compounds of Moringa oleifera. Gilani et al.  Phytotherapeutic Research (1994), 8(2), 87-91

16. Hypotensive Constituents from Pods of Moringa oleifera. Faizi, Shaheen et al.  Plant Medicine (1998), 64(3) 225-28

17. Niaziminin, a Thiocarbarnate from Leaves of Moringa oleifera Holds a Strict Structural Requirement for Inhibition of Tumor Promoter-induced Epstein-Barr Virus Activation. Murakami et all, Kyoto University, Japan. Plant Medicine (1998), 64(4), 319-323

18. Rural Nutrition Interventions with Indigenous Plant Foods: A case Study of Vitamin Deficiency in Malawi. Babu, Suresh Chandra. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC. Biotechnoloyg, Agronomy and Soc. Environ. (200), 4(3), 169-179

19. Bioavailability trials of Beta-carotene from Fresh and Dehydrated Leaves of Moringa oleifera in a Rat Model. Nambiear et al.  Plant Food and Human Nutrition. (Dordrecht, Neth.) 2001, 56(1), 83-95

20. Measurement of the Sympatholytic Activity in Moringa oleifera.  Lubna Hameed-Un_Nisa.  New Trends in Natural Products Chemistry (1998) 269-276; Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam

21. Bioactive Compounds from the Leaves and Pods of Moringa oleifera. Shaheen Faizi et al.  New Trends in Natural Products Chemistry (1998) 175-183

22. New Uses of Moringa Studied in Nicaragua. Fuglie, L., ECHO Development Notes, pg 68

23. Hypoglycemic Effect of Moringa stenopetal Aqueous Extract in Rabbits. Makonnen, E., et al. Phytotherapy  Research

24. The Miracle Tree — Moringa oleifera: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics.  Fuglie, L.; 1999, Church World Service, Dakar, Senegal

25. Vitamin E & Selenium in the Protection from and Prevention of Prostate Enlargement & Prostate Cancer. ABC, CBS, NBC, CNN television News Broadcasts,  24 July, 2001



Studies in the Role of Malnutrition in the Progression of HIV Infection to full-blown Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in the United States and in Africa


A.
A Prospective Study of Dietary Intake and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrom in HIV-Seropositive Homosexual Men. Abrams, B et al. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficeincy Sybndrome, 1993.  Aug ; 6(8): 949-58

B. HIV Infection  and Severe Malnutrition:  A Clinical and Epidemiological Study in Burkina Faso. Prazuck, T, et al. AIDS 1993 Jan: 7(1):103-8

C. Mother –to-Child Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type1, Report from the Nairobi Study. Datta, P et al.  Journal of Infectious Disease 1994 Nov; 170(5):1134-40

D. Nutritional Status and Dietary Intakes in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected Outpatients in Abidjan, Cote D’Ivoire, 1995. Castetbon, K. et al.  European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1997 Feb; 51(2):81-6

E. Breastfeeding by HIV-1-infected Women and Outcome in their InfantsL A Cohort Study from Durban, South Africa. Bobat, R et al AIDS 1997 Nov; 11(13): 1627-33

F. Micronutrient Supplementation in the AIDS Diarrhea-Wasting Syndrome in Zambia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Kelly, P, et al.  AIDS 1999 Mar 11; 13(4): 495-500 

G. Nutritional Status of HIV-1 Seropositive Patients in the Free State Province of South Africa: Anthropometric and Deitary Profile. Dannhouser, A et al.  European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999 Mar; 53(3): 165-73

H. Nutritional Status of Adult Inpatients in Bujumbura, Burundi (Impact of HIV Infection). Niyongabo, T et al. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999 Jul; 53(7): 579-82

I. HIV and AIDS in Africa:  Impact on Mother and Child Health. Van de Perre, P.  European Journal of Medical Research 1999 Aug 25; 4(8):341-4

J. Dietary Micronutrient Intake and Risk of Progression to AIDS in Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1(HIV-1)-infected Homosexual Men. Tang, AM et al, American Journal of Epidemiology, 1993 Dec 1; 138(11):937-51

K. Nutritional Assessment in Intravenous Drug Users with HIV/AIDS. Smit E. et al, Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 2000 Oct 1; 25 Supp l 1:S62-9

L. Selected Vitamins in HIV Infection:  A Review. Tang, AM et al. AIDS Patient Care STDS 1998 Apr; 12(4): 263-73

M. Selenium and HIV Infection.  Constans, J et al. Nutrition, 1999 15(9): 719-20

N. Selenium and Interleukins in Persons Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. Baum, MK, et al. Journal of Infectious Diseases 2000; 182 (Suppl 1) 869-73

O. The Importance of Selenium to Human Health. Raymond, M, The Lancet, Vol. 356, July 15, 2000; pg 233-240